Deficit or credit? A comparative, qualitative study of gender agency and female gang membership in Los Angeles and Glasgow

Deuchar, Ross, Harding, Simon, Densley, James and McLean, Robert (2018) Deficit or credit? A comparative, qualitative study of gender agency and female gang membership in Los Angeles and Glasgow. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. ISSN 0022-4278 (In Press)

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Abstract

To date, there has been a paucity of comparative, qualitative research exploring the nuances of women’s gang involvement beyond the United States. In this paper, we seek to address this gap by drawing upon qualitative interviews with small samples of self-nominated female gang members in Los Angeles, California (USA) and Glasgow, Scotland (UK). The emerging insights indicated that two key models of entry into the ‘social field’ of the gang emerged in the data: a deficit model entry linked to drugs and debt and a credit model of entry where women were considered to bring social skill, expertise and agency into the gang. Implications in terms of testable hypotheses for future research as well as for future practice are outlined.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Girls; gangs; young women; violence;
Subjects: Law and criminal justice > Criminal justice
Law and criminal justice > Criminal justice > Criminology
Law and criminal justice
Social sciences
Social sciences > Sociology of deviance
Depositing User: Simon Harding
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2018 17:31
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2018 10:54
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/5309

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