Dominant speaker detection in multipoint video communication using Markov chain with non-linear weights and dynamic transition window

Baskaran, Vishnu Monn, Chang, Yoong Choon, Loo, Jonathan ORCID: 0000-0002-2197-8126, Wong, KokSheik and Gan, Ming Tao (2018) Dominant speaker detection in multipoint video communication using Markov chain with non-linear weights and dynamic transition window. Information Sciences, 463-46. pp. 344-362. ISSN 0020-0255

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Abstract

This paper proposes an enhanced discrete-time Markov chain algorithm in predicting dominant speaker(s) for multipoint video communication system in the presence of transient speech. The proposed algorithm exploits statistical properties of the past speech patterns to accurately predict the dominant speaker for the next time state. Non-linear weights-based coefficients are employed in the enhanced Markov chain for both the initial state vector and transition probability matrix. These weights significantly improve the time taken to predict a new dominant speaker during a conference session. In addition, a mechanism to dynamically modify the size of the transition probability matrix window/container is introduced to improve the adaptability of the Markov chain towards the variability of speech characteristics. Simulation results indicate that for an 11 conference participants test scenario, the enhanced Markov chain prediction algorithm registered an 85% accuracy in predicting a dominant speaker when compared to an ideal case where there is no transient speech. Misclassification of dominant speakers due to transient speech was also reduced by 87%.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Computing > Systems > Computer networking
Computing > Software engineering
Computing > Systems
Depositing User: Jonathan Loo
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2018 12:38
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2018 12:43
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/5297

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