Mask operations in discrete fractional fourier transform domains with nearly white real valued wide sense stationary output signals

Ling, Wing-Kuen, Ho, Yuk-Fan, Yang, Zhijing, Subramaniam, S. R., Georgakis, Apostolos and Dai, Qingyun (2014) Mask operations in discrete fractional fourier transform domains with nearly white real valued wide sense stationary output signals. Digital Signal Processing, 27. pp. 57-68. ISSN 1051-2004

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Abstract

For linear time invariant transforms, the multiplications in these transformed domains are referred to as filtering. On the other hand, the multiplications in linear time varying transformed domains are referred to as mask operations. Discrete fractional Fourier transforms (DFrFTs) are linear time varying transforms which map signals from the time domain to the rotated time frequency domains. In this paper, effects of the rotational angles of the DFrFTs on the output signals after applying the mask operations are studied. It is proved in this paper that if the rotational angles of the DFrFTs are not integer multiples of π, as well as they are not odd integer multiples of π2 when the signal lengths are odd, then there is only one degree of freedom for designing the mask coefficients. Otherwise, there are N degrees of freedom for designing the mask coefficients. Moreover, it is proved in this paper that satisfying the conditions for obtaining real valued output signals will automatically satisfy the conditions for obtaining wide sense stationary (WSS) output signals. Based on this result, designs of the mask coefficients are formulated as optimization problems with L1norm nonconvex objective functions only subject to the conditions for obtaining real valued output signals. These constrained optimization problems are further reformulated to unconstrained optimization problems by a vector space approach. Finally, when there is only one degree of freedom for designing the mask coefficients, the globally optimal solutions of the unconstrained optimization problems are derived analytically. Computer numerical simulation results are presented for illustrations.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Construction and engineering > Digital signal processing
Construction and engineering > Electrical and electronic engineering
Depositing User: Apostolos Georgakis
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2018 16:39
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2018 12:43
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/5273

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