A GPR-based simulation approach for the analysis of railway ballast

Benedetto, Andrea, Bianchini Ciampoli, Luca, Tosti, Fabio ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0291-9937, Pajewski, Lara, Alani, Amir, Loizos, Andreas, Umiliaco, Andrea, Brancadoro, Maria Giulia and Pirrone, Daniele (2016) A GPR-based simulation approach for the analysis of railway ballast. In: EGU General Assembly 2016, 17 April - 22 April 2016, Vienna, Austria.

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This study aims at proposing a model capable to assess the physical conditions of railway ballast, in terms of percentage of fouling within the material, by analyzing its electromagnetic response. For the calibration of such a model, a laboratory set-up was implemented in order to reproduce a real-scale railway environment. In more details, a 1.47 m long × 1.47 m wide × 0.48 m high plexiglass formwork was laid over a metal sheet, to define a proper domain of investigation. The formwork was then filled up with railway ballast, progressively fouled with a fine-grained pollutant material, namely, an A4 soil type according to the ASSHTO soil classification. At each step of fouling percentage, electromagnetic surveys were carried out by employing several ground-penetrating radar (GPR) systems, in both ground-coupled and air-coupled configurations. On the other hand, the validation of the model was performed through a simulation-based approach. In particular, the main physical and geometrical properties of each ballast-pollutant configuration were reproduced by means of a random sequence absorption (RSA) approach. For the representation of the shape of the solid matrix of the ballast, a relatively complex geometry was here adopted. Finally, the developed geometries were processed by the GprMax 2D numerical simulator, employing a finite-difference time domain (FDTD) model capable of generating a synthetic GPR response for the several configurations analysed in laboratory environment. As result, the potential of the combined use of RSA and FDTD approaches is demonstrated, and a model for characterizing such a complex coarse-grained heterogeneous material is finally proposed.
Acknowledgement The Authors thank COST, for funding the Action TU1208 "Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar."

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: © Author(s) 2016. CC Attribution 3.0 License.
Keywords: GPR; ground-penetrating radar; simulation: RSA; FDTD; railway ballast
Subjects: Construction and engineering > Built environment
Construction and engineering > Civil and structural engineering
Construction and engineering
Depositing User: Fabio Tosti
Date Deposited: 28 May 2016 16:29
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 07:20
URI: https://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/2263


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