Purity and danger: policing the Italian neo-Fascist football UltraS

Testa, Alberto ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9116-9802 and Armstrong, Gary (2010) Purity and danger: policing the Italian neo-Fascist football UltraS. Criminal Justice Studies: A Critical Journal of Crime, Law and Society, 23 (3). pp. 219-237. ISSN 1478-601X

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The rise of the Far Right in Europe over the past decade has attracted the attention of both academics and police. Popular sports tend to reflect societal trends so it is not bizarre that a popular European cultural practice such as football has seen a rise in supporters with neo‐fascist sympathies. Football (soccer in the USA), specifically in Italy, has been linked since the beginning to politics and its stadiums have always been one of the most efficient public Agorá for the socialization of the Italian youth. In recent years, together with an ideologization of the football terraces, there has been a noticeable increase in conflict between hardcore football supporters and the Italian police at and around the stadium. These conflicts often involve the UltraS as the main participants. The final capital S identifies neo‐fascist‐oriented fans, distinguishing them from mainstream hardcore football supporters, known as ultrá. This paper is the result of ethnographic research lasting six years (2003–2009). The research aimed to investigate the world of the UltraS by using two notorious national and international UltraS as case study. The groups, the Boys and the Irriducibili, support AS Roma and SS Lazio, respectively. Both are located in the Italian capital city of Rome. The present paper aims to investigate the relationship between the neo‐fascist UltraS and the institutions that they identify as their enemies, namely, the Italian State and the police.

Item Type: Article
Identifier: 10.1080/1478601X.2010.502345
Keywords: UltraS , Italian police, neo‐fascism, anti‐UltraS legislation, football stadium
Subjects: Law and criminal justice > Criminal justice
Law and criminal justice > Criminal justice > Criminology
Law and criminal justice > Law
Social sciences > Sociology of deviance
Depositing User: Alberto Testa
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2014 11:27
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2024 15:42
URI: https://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1028

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