The ‘three-pillars model of regulation’: a fusion of governance models for private security

Stiernstedt, Peter ORCID:, Button, Mark, Prenzler, Tim and Sarre, Rick (2019) The ‘three-pillars model of regulation’: a fusion of governance models for private security. Security Journal. ISSN 0955-1662

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The growth in size, role and authority of private security has triggered a variety of regulatory reactions. These have stimulated a growing academic debate on preferred regulatory models. This paper summarizes the key existing models of regulation. It then provides a critique of the observations of Loader and White (Regul Gov 11(2):166–184, 2017) on the existing models. It critically examines their proposed model and outlines how we believe that private security regulation can be enhanced by setting out ‘three-pillars’ of effective regulation. The literature and research points towards the need for a regulatory pillar that enhances the wider private security sector, a distributive pillar that addresses security inequality and lastly a responsibility pillar designed to align the private security industry with the public interest.

Item Type: Article
Identifier: 10.1057/s41284-019-00224-3
Additional Information: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Security Journal. The definitive publisher-authenticated version [Stiernstedt, P., Button, M., Prenzler, T. et al. Secur J (2019).] is available online at:
Keywords: Governance, Private security, Public interest, Regulation, Security industry
Subjects: Law and criminal justice > Criminal justice > Criminology
Depositing User: Peter Stiernstedt
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2019 09:42
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 07:12


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