How do adolescents cope with cyberhate? Psychometric properties and socio-demographic differences of a coping with cyberhate scale

Wachs, Sebastian, Gámez Guadix, Manual, Wright, Michelle F., Görzig, Anke ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7623-0836 and Schubarth, Wilfried (2019) How do adolescents cope with cyberhate? Psychometric properties and socio-demographic differences of a coping with cyberhate scale. Computers in Human Behavior, 104. ISSN 0747-5632

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Abstract

Cyberhate exposure can have seriously negative impacts on adolescents’ development. However, there has been scarce research into adolescents’ coping strategies with cyberhate. Deepen the knowledge on how adolescents deal with cyberhate might help researchers, teachers, and parents to find a way to alleviate negative effects of cyberhate to adolescents. Therefore, the present study investigates adolescents’ coping strategies with cyberhate, while considering differences by adolescents’ sex, age, socioeconomic status (SES), and victim status. The sample consists of self-reports of 1480 participants who were aged between 12 and 17 years (Mage = 14.21 years, SD = 1.22) and attended 7th to 10th grade. Results showed that six varying coping strategies could be confirmed, namely Distal advice, Assertiveness, Helplessness/ Self-blame, Close support, Technical coping, and Retaliation. Technical coping was the most frequently used coping strategy followed by Assertiveness, Close support, Helplessness/ Self-blame, Retaliation, and Distal advice. Girls reported more frequently using all coping strategists, except for Retaliation with no sex differences. Younger adolescents reported more often using Technical coping than older adolescents. Distal advice and Technical coping were higher among participants with lower SES, compared with adolescents with higher SES. Distal advice and Close support were higher for non-victims than victims, whereas the mean of Retaliation was higher for victims than non-victims. Implications for future research and practice are discussed.
Keywords: Cyberhate, Coping Strategies, Cybervictimization, Hate speech, cyber discrimination

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cyberhate, Coping Strategies, Cybervictimization, Hate speech, cyber discrimination
Subjects: Education
Media
Media > New media and new media theory
Social sciences > Communication and culture
Psychology
Social sciences
Depositing User: Anke Goerzig
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2019 19:01
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2019 15:48
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/6436

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