Gender differences in self-reported anxiety, depression and somatization among ecstasy/MDMA polydrug users, alcohol/tobacco users and non-drug users

Milani, Raffaella, Parrott, Andy, Fox, Helen and Turner, John (2004) Gender differences in self-reported anxiety, depression and somatization among ecstasy/MDMA polydrug users, alcohol/tobacco users and non-drug users. Addictive Behaviors, 29 (5). pp. 965-971. ISSN 0306-4603

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Abstract

Previous research has found gender differences in both psychological and physiological responses to drugs. The present investigation explores gender variability in patterns of drug use in relation to self-reported depression, anxiety, and somatization. The current study confirms that heavy illegal drug users are represented by a preponderance of males than females. However, within each drug group category, females generally reported higher psychopathology scores than males. This was significant for all three subscales in the alcohol/tobacco group, for depression scores in the alcohol/tobacco, cannabis/alcohol, and light Ecstasy users group, and for depression scores for the alcohol group. Interestingly, in the male sample, drug users reported higher symptom ratings than nondrug users, whereas women's scores remained constant across drug groups.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gender; Ecstasy; MDMA; Depression; Anxiety; Somatization; Drug use
Subjects: Psychology > Substance abuse/misuse
Depositing User: Rod Pow
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2012 15:33
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2017 15:07
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/161

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