Examining policy implementation for type 2 diabetes: exploring barriers and enablers associated with uptake of structured patient education

Lawal, Muili (2015) Examining policy implementation for type 2 diabetes: exploring barriers and enablers associated with uptake of structured patient education. Doctoral thesis, University of West London.

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Abstract

Background: Diabetes remains an incurable disease and as the search for a cure continues, the need to minimise complications and enhance the quality of life of patients is essential. A key UK policy initiative in the management of diabetes is empowerment through education. However, implementation of policy in the context of healthcare delivery in general may be challenging at times and the provision and uptake of diabetes education is not an exception.
Aims: This thesis aims to examine the barriers and enhancing factors that are associated with the uptake of structured patient education for patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
Methods: The study used a sequential mixed methods approach. The data were collected using a focus group and face-to-face individual interviews of multiprofessionals delivering the education, a questionnaire/survey of patients and individual face-to-face interviews of referring practitioners working in GP
surgeries within a PCT.
Findings: Factors influencing non-attendance at diabetes education centres relate to barriers associated with the patients, practitioners and government regulations. The patients were affected by their healthcare beliefs and personal circumstances such as work patterns, childcare problems, forgetfulness, bad weather and ill health. The practitioners’ barriers were mainly around patient versus practitioner communication, inter-professional collaboration and administrative protocols. The barriers associated with the government directives relate to government regulations and funding issues. In contrast to barriers, the predictors of attendance are personal motivation, individual perceptions and beliefs coupled with the guidance given by the practitioners. Whilst it may be difficult to avoid non-attendance completely, positive steps to reduce nonattendance include enhanced communication, a positive pay-for-performance system and adequate support to develop a positive attitude towards diabetes education.
Conclusion: The results indicate that barriers to attendance are multifactorial and complex; therefore, response to improve uptake requires diverse interventions.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: Education
Medicine and health > Primary health
Depositing User: Marzena Dybkowska
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2015 12:14
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2017 14:11
URI: http://repository.uwl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1272

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